Tranche 2: Impact, relevance and why you should care

You can’t stop kids from stealing lollies when there are no adults around. Why should the Australian government expect criminals to behave any better?

Australia has recently been in headlines for its ridiculously slow adaptation of gatekeeper AML regulations

Weak money laundering laws put Australia at risk of becoming a haven for Russian cash”.

The hypocrisy of their immediate implementation of sanctions against Russia in regard to their lax AML regulations has become glaringly obvious. What’s the point of sanctions if criminals can get an Australian lawyer or accountant to spend their money for them, without any verification of identity?

Legal & Political Ramifications

Australia has slammed up a wall of sanctions against Russia, “ensure[ing] there is a cost for this violent, unacceptable and egregious behaviour”.  Prime Minister Scott Morrison has also alluded to the introduction of sanctions against his largest trading partner, China, if they make a move to openly support Putin. 

This rigid stance against the actions of Russia in Ukraine, juxtaposes the notoriously lax anti money laundering regulations on gatekeeper professions.

Gatekeeper professions have unfettered access to the financial system. And those gatekeeper professions have a financial incentive to not conduct customer due diligence on their clients. 

If a criminal based overseas, for example, wanted to buy 10 properties in Sydney, at $2 million each, that’s 10 transactions for their lawyer, which will net them close to $200,000. Boom. $20 million in dirty cash has now been hidden quietly in Australia’s property market, just like that. 

Sanctions against Russia can be completely avoided by these criminals – they can layer their illicit funds. One could simply settle a $10 million property transaction through a lawyer’s trust account, without ever having to enter the financial system themselves.

Economic & Social Damage

The damage caused by money laundering to the Australian economy through these gatekeeper professions is immense. Another example of how Australians are being exploited – there are essentially no rules around setting up companies. 

Here are the 7 simple steps, the lengthiest of which goes over how to name your company and what abbreviations you’re allowed to use. No identity verification, no compliance steps to speak of. So back to our overseas based criminals, one could easily set up 10 different companies under a false name, through an Australian based accountant. 

This loophole has exacerbated the rapid increase in house prices around Pacific Rim cities. Many of these cities have a massive problem with ghost apartments. A ghost apartment is property bought under a false company name, kept completely empty of people, and the most secure holding form for illicit funds. 

The overflow effect on this is the increase in house prices for everyday Australians, and especially those looking to enter the property market. This will cause more disparity between the wealthy and the poor.


Environmental Effects

Another rampant supplier of money laundering is environmental crime. Environmental crime encompasses a diverse range of activities, from illegal extraction and trade of forestry and minerals to illegal land clearance and waste trafficking. 

The profits from these acts have to be hidden and ‘cleaned’ somewhere – and these amounts are not pocket change. The estimated profit margin for environmental crime across the globe is around USD $110 to $281 billion. So where does that money go? The Australian financial sector would be a pretty  attractive option. 

Tech Crime

Cyber security authorities warn that Conti, a notorious ransomware gang, could be looking to target Australia again after aligning themselves with Russia. This group was responsible for at least 13 cyber attacks, including an attempted attack on critical infrastructure – CS Energy in Queensland

Ransomware as a service (or RaaS), is an ever-growing business model in dark web forums, essentially the criminal underworlds version of SaaS. As cybercriminals grow more and more sophisticated, their profits swell – with a predicted USD $6 trillion lost globally to cybercrime in 2021. 

These funds can then be held in crypto, the perfect unregulated and entirely digital haven, with lightning fast transactions to hide their true origin. Whilst all this criminal process is keeping pace with the technological development of our era, Australia’s AML regulations rust away as antiquities, left abandoned. 

What does this mean?

Australia is already severely on the back foot in the fight against money laundering, and yet there seems to be minimal action being taken. Tranche 2 must be implemented—and soon—or else the Australian economy and citizens will pay the price. FATF is already considering adding Australia to the Grey List, grouping it with countries like the Cayman Islands and the UAE.

The government has been holding off AML regulations for 15 years, and the ramifications will continue to worsen without Tranche 2. 

AML Compliance Guide

If AUSTRAC’s AML changes got you worried but you’re not sure where to start, we’ve prepared just the guide for you. This guide is a complete breakdown of the steps your business needs to take when setting up a successful AML compliance programme. Download the Complete Guide to Setting Up a Successful AML Compliance Programme for free today.

About First AML

First AML streamlines anti-money laundering compliance through its online identity verification system that can be completed by individuals anywhere in the world on their smart device. Our end-to-end customer due diligence platform is used by financial service providers, lawyers, accountants and real estate agents, providing them complete visibility and management oversight on the go.

Keen to find out more? Book a demo today!No time for a long demo? No problem. See what First AML can do for your business in 2 minutes – watch the short demo here.

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