Everything you need to know about Australia's AML/CTF Act reforms

Tranche 2 reforms

What is Tranche 2 of the AML regime?

The Act currently targets the financial sector and other businesses that involve large transfers of cash – the gambling sector, remittance or money-transfer services, bullion dealers and more. A list of designated services – including taking deposits, payroll services and currency exchange – is included in the Act, and any business that provides one or more of these services must comply with the regulations. Some financial institutions are also required to report transactions over a certain threshold, along with any suspicious activity. 

It’s looking increasingly likely that reforms to the AML/CTF Act (Tranche 2) will be implemented in 2024 and come into effect early 2025 – so those who operate in the real estate, law, and accounting sectors need to start looking at how this will affect them too, and get their processes in place, ready to go.

Now that AML/CFT obligations are likely to apply to a broader range of organisations, more business owners will need to adjust their processes and put systems in place to ensure compliance. Adhering to the rules isn’t just a legal requirement, it’s also an important way to prevent criminal activity – and protect your business reputation.

What will Tranche 2 look like in Australia?

Businesses that are affected by the Act must register with AUSTRAC (Australian Transaction Records and Analysis Centre), the government agency responsible for deterring financial crime.

Once your business is registered, you are a ‘reporting entity’ and need to keep up with your obligations under the Act. This means:

  • Developing a written AML/CTF program to manage compliance
  • Carrying out risk assessments
  • Appointing a compliance officer
  • Collecting and verifying key client details before providing services – often referred to as ‘know your customer’ (KYC) information. This can mean taking verified copies of documents or using a credit-reporting body (CRB) to find and verify details.
  • Reporting certain types of transaction – those over a certain monetary threshold, international transfers, information about carrying or shipping physical currency and any suspicious transactions or interactions
  • Keeping and securely storing records showing your AML/CTF activity
  • Submitting compliance reports if requested
  • Paying an industry levy if your business earns over a certain threshold.

AML Glossary of Terms

Here's a list of the terminologies that you need to know to prepare yourself for Tranche 2.

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How will Tranche 2 affect your business?

Real estate

Learn how First AML can get you compliant without risking transactions or customer relationships.

Tranche 2 for real estate

Law and Conveyancing

Find out how First AML can give you a better picture of your clients, better data, quicker to onboard and get you to chargeable time quicker.

Tranche 2 for law and conveyancing


Learn how we can help you meet your compliance requirements while protecting your bottom line and making KYC/KYB an easy process for your clients.

Tranche 2 for accounting

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Tranche 2 resources

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